Migrants in all of the countries of the SAMIN project face substantial disadvantages when it comes to vocational education and training and access to the job market. But there are projects to foster equal conditions in all of the countries, too. The partners within the SAMIN project from France (coordinator), Austria, Germany, Italy, Netherlands and UK have selected 18 projects, three per country, that were specifically dedicated to promote access to vocational education and training and access to proper jobs for migrants.
|Although the projects differ in various aspects there are similar elements that can be found in most of the examined projects: The selected projects fought discrimination, implicit stereotypes and intercultural barriers on the labour market and all projects aimed at improving accessibility to proper jobs through competencedevelopments, strengthening specific capabilities and the acknowledgement of professional experiences.S
everal of them involved potential employers and stakeholders from economy to boost the links to the world of work. Due to the specific groups targeted, the delivered services and activities vary remarkably and range from information and consultancy services to language training courses, from vocational training courses to training internships.
While in most of the projects the activities were dedicated directly to the main target group of migrants, in quite a lot of projects some services were rendered to additional target groups like teachers, trainers, employers and recruiters with their means and operations.
In the analysis, we have drawn attention to the methodological design of the 18 projects. Some projects applied specific pedagogical approaches while others were using various formal and informal methods. The comparison of the methodologies shows that there can be found two major approaches in quite a lot of the projects under consideration: some projects offered their services in a holistic, individual and person-centred approach while others relied on an approach of ownership and capacity-building. As all projects have been considered as successful and have lead to good results, it is possible to conclude specific recommendations from their experiences. These recommendations relate to the different aspects of the
projects like methodology and target groups, project planning and programmes and policies.