Gap Analysis in book-format

Actors involved

As all selected projects were focused on integration of immigrants into VET and labour market, these links to the labour market were vital and could be identified throughout the whole project lifetime. Involving additional actors boosted the links to the world of work. To establish and to maintain links with the labour market a wide range of actors can suit the need of projects. The involvement in itself varied from loose and random meetings to regular and contract-based collaborations. Which actors the projects dealt with depended on the target group and the intended job placement, but some actors seem to be generic to successful projects:

  • Labour administration services, employment services, job-centres.
  • Companies, enterprises and respective networks.
  • Social partners (trade unions and employer associations).
  • Regional public authorities, municipalities and administration bodies.
  • Stakeholders from policy.
  • Special enterprises of the social economy (third sector economy).
  • Business development agencies.
  • Training and work placement provider.
  • Support centres on regional and local levels.


In a project from France that dealt with unaccompanied minors (FR1) specific types of enterprises (chantiers d’insertion)are mentioned, that support the social and solidarity economy and thus are aiming at overcoming existing barriers to support migrants in entering in the job market.
In a project from Austria (AT2) participants of previous projects who already gained employment were invited to talk to the current participants about their experiences.
This approach of role modelling was a feature of other projects, too.

A German project (DE1) shows that it has been a key activity to involve the potential future employers of the target group, i.e. recruiters from the companies (in this case: hospitals, clinics and elderly care institutions).